Educall Language Academy
We have special formulas or structures when we talk about our wishes, the things we would like to have differently.
Use WISH + PAST SIMPLE / PAST SUBJUNCTIVE to talk about wishes in the present / future
I wish I had an umbrella right now ! He wishes he could speak Spanish.
(It’s raining and I don’t have an umbrella) (His new girlfriend is Spanish, but he can’t speak Spanish)
We wish you were here. I wish I didn’t have to attend the meeting tomorrow. Do you think I may be excused ?
(You aren’t here) (I have to attend the meeting tomorrow)
Use WISH + PAST PERFECT to talk about wishes in the past
- I wish I had taken the TOEFL prior to my college education.
- She wishes she had consulted a doctor.
Use WISH + WOULD VERB (1) to talk about wishes for the future
- We wish we would be able to solve the problem later.
- They wish they wouldn’t have to be interviewed.
- I wish you would stop complaining about the food!
IF ONLY has the same meaning as WISH
If only he had talked to her sooner. If only I weren’t exhausted! If only we didn’t have to study German.
Things would have been different. I would be able to get more work done. We loathe it!
(He didn't talk to her.) (I am exhausted.) (We have to study German.)