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Ethiopia leader Abiy Ahmed wins Nobel Peace Prize

Ethiopia's leader Abiy Ahmed has won the Nobel Peace Prize. He won for "his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation" and for his role in resolving the conflict with neighboring Eritrea. He became leader in April 2018 and repaired relations with Eritrea. He played a key role in the crisis between Sudan and South Sudan. The UN called him "a wonderful example for others in and beyond Africa looking to overcome resistance from the past and put people first".

Many people see Mr Ahmed as a leader who brings hope to his region. He implemented the peace treaty signed with Eritrea in 2000, which brought peace between the two countries after two decades of war. Ethiopia and Eritrea spent hundreds of millions of dollars on their war, which killed tens of thousands of people. The UN said Mr Ahmed was a visionary. It said: "His vision helped Ethiopia and Eritrea achieve a historic reconciliation".


Slow walking speed at 45 linked to faster ageing

New research shows that people who walk more slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in their forties and fifties could get older more quickly than faster walkers. This ageing could be both physically and mentally. The scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more about the age-related health problems that people have. Doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted to find out if this was the same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s tend to die sooner than fast walkers their same age."

The researchers conducted a study and looked at test data of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical records of health checks from throughout their lives. For some participants, these records went back to when they were three years old. The researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants. They looked at how quickly people could calculate things and how good their memory was. They also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet while walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned the participants' brains and found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while saying the alphabet.


Turkey rejects calls for ceasefire in Syria

Donald Trump has asked Turkey's President Erdogan to end military actions in Syria. Turkey attacked towns in northern Syria last week after the USA pulled out some troops. Turkey attacked Kurdish fighters to create a buffer on its border. Mr Trump called for a ceasefire and for talks with the Kurds. The US asked Turkey to stop the invasion, and to "begin to negotiate with Kurdish forces in Syria to bring an end to the violence".

Turkey said it would continue its actions in Syria, despite calls from around the world to stop. Mr Erdogan said: "We will never declare a ceasefire....The US is announcing sanctions....We are not worried about sanctions." He added: "The world missed its opportunity to prevent...pulling an entire region into a maelstrom of instability." He said the whole world should support Turkey. Mr Trump said: "It is not our problem. It is time for us to go home."


World's fastest ant like 580kph human

Scientists have discovered the world's fastest ant. It is the Saharan silver ant. It runs at a speed of just over 3kph, but that is the same ant speed as a human running 580kph. The ant runs 108 times the length of its own body every second. This is quicker than an Olympic 100-meter runner. The world's fastest man, Usain Bolt, ran the 100 meters using 4 strides a second. The Saharan silver ant uses up to 50 strides a second. The scientists say this much movement almost breaks the limits of what is physically possible for a living thing. Each of the ants' feet makes contact with the ground for a very short time. The ants' feet touch the ground for just seven milliseconds before they take the next stride.

The scientists said the Saharan silver ant runs so fast because it lives in the hot desert. The sand can reach temperatures of up to 60 degrees Celsius, so the ant wants to spend as little time as possible with its feet on the scorching ground. Another reason is that if the ants' feet spend a longer time on the sand, they will sink a little and slow the ant down. Professor Harald Wolf wrote about why the ants' feet move so fast. He said: "These features may be related to the sand dune habitat. They could prevent the ants' feet from sinking too deeply into the soft sand." Professor Wolf told CNN: "We knew these ants would be fast, but nobody knew how fast exactly, and how they would achieve that speed."



The ongoing attacks by Turkish forces on the Syrian border are causing some serious global fears to be realized, including a possible resurgence of ISIS. Yesterday, Defense Secretary Mark Esper said President Trump is ordering the remaining US forces out of northern Syria, a move that many fear will paralyze counter-terrorism efforts in the area. Kurdish forces have been instrumental in quelling the regional rise of ISIS, but because of the ongoing conflict, that line of defense is diminishing. This weekend, Kurdish authorities reported the escape of hundreds of people with links to ISIS from a detention camp in the area. The attacks are affecting Syrian Kurds, an ethnic minority group with a history of assisting the US in regional conflicts. Several leaders within the US have voiced their outrage and concern that the US' apparent disregard for these established allies could diminish the US' international reputation.


Democratic debate

Elizabeth Warren is the new front-runner in the race for the Democratic presidential nomination, so she took on all of the attacks from her rivals during last's night debate. The moderates on stage really got after her, especially Pete Buttigieg, who pressed her on how she would pay for her Medicare for All plans and what it would mean for private insurance. He also ripped her for not answering a yes-or-no question on raising taxes on the middle class. Warren pushed back on all of them, saying Democrats can only win next year if they "dream big and fight hard," and not "quit before we get started."

Joe Biden largely stayed out of the fray for most of the debate, though he and Bernie Sanders did get into a progressive vs. moderate tussle near the end that's pretty typical of this election cycle. Speaking of Sanders, he made the biggest news of the night, not for what happened on stage but for the endorsement he's going to pick up from New York Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and other members of "The Squad." Here is CNN's Chris Cillizza's take on who won and who lost last night in Ohio. Here are seven takeaways from the night and an all-important fact check. Click here to see the best pics from the debate and to find out who talked the most. And if you missed last night's action, watch the full Democratic debate here.


General Motors strike

A tentative deal has been reached that could end the month long General Motors strike. Details about the agreement haven't been publicly released. It needs to get the OK from both union leadership and rank-and-file union members before it can take effect. Union officials are set to meet today in Detroit. If the deal is approved, it's not clear when workers would start returning to work. Meanwhile, in Chicago, 25,000 educators are set to go on strike today. Classes have been canceled today in the country's third-biggest school district. The educators want higher pay, smaller class sizes and more support staff.


California earthquakes

On the anniversary of one of the deadliest quakes in its history, California is launching the nation's first statewide earthquake early warning system. Here's how it will work: Ground motion sensors across the state will detect earthquakes before people can feel them, and then a notification will go out so Californians can be prepared. The system launches on the 30th anniversary of the Loma Prieta earthquake, a 6.9-magnitude quake that hit the central coast of the state in 1989 and killed 63 people.


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