22-26 July Weekly News



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Boris Johnson becomes UK's new leader

The UK has a new leader. Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson became Prime Minister yesterday following Theresa May resigning in June. Mr Johnson, known as Boris, realized a childhood dream of becoming the UK's leader. As a child, he wanted to be king of the world. Prime Minister is a lesser role but he has a tough task ahead. The most important thing is to deliver Brexit and get the UK out of the European Union. Johnson vowed to do this by October 31st.

Boris Johnson went to Buckingham Palace to become the UK's 77th Prime Minister. Traditionally, the Queen asks a new appointee to form a government. Johnson then drove to 10 Downing Street - his official residence. His first job is to put people in top posts in his team. Johnson will take responsibility for the changes he wants. In his first speech to the nation as Prime Minister, he promised to spend more money on the police, education and social welfare.



Why is India sending humanoid robots into space?

Before humans headed up there, animals were the first living creatures that were sent into space. But India will now become the first nation to fly a spacecraft with only humanoid robots. Science writer Pallava Bagla reports.

The Indian government has sanctioned $1.4bn (£1.1bn) to the Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) for its first manned space flight by 2022.

They hope to use the country's heaviest rocket - the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III or GSLV Mk-III - for the space flight.

Working in tandem with the Indian Air Force, the space agency will train a crew of 10 astronauts and eventually select three of them for the flight.

To date - using indigenously made rockets - Russia, the US and China have sent astronauts into space. If India can achieve this, it will become the fourth country to launch humans into space from its own soil.



Father of modern computing to appear on banknote

Alan Turing, the father of modern computer science, will be honored by appearing on a U.K. banknote. Mr Turing was chosen ahead of many British historical figures to be on the new £50 note. Turing helped Britain and its allies win World War II. He helped to crack the Enigma code the Nazis used to send its messages. He invented a giant computer to do this. The computer saw in the birth of modern computing and the start of artificial intelligence.

Alan Turing was a maths genius. He was born in London in 1912 and graduated from Cambridge University. He created an algorithm-based computing machine. He said: "This is only a foretaste of what is to come, and only the shadow of what is going to be." Despite his key role in ending WWII, he was ill-treated after the war for being homosexual. Being gay was illegal in the UK until 1967. Turing died in 1954, aged 41. Police said it was suicide.



International students flocking to Turkey for higher education

As millions of students around the world look to attain their bachelor's or master's degrees outside their home countries, Turkey is focusing on drawing international students for higher education in the past years.

In the last two decades, the number of international students in Turkey has rapidly increased; making international research and science programs and projects as well as international collaborative-degree programs an integral part of higher education.

According to UNESCO Education Statistics 2017, more than 5 million students pursue a bachelor's or graduate degree outside their country of birth or citizenship. It is estimated that, as of 2019, the total number of students studying abroad has exceeded 6 million.

Taking into account that, in 2012, there were nearly 4 million internationally mobile students, the rapidly increasing rate of international students becomes more apparent. At this rate, the number of international students is expected to hit 8 million by 2025, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).



Samsung Galaxy Fold 'ready' for launch after screen fix

Samsung's first foldable smartphone will go on sale in September after problems with the device delayed its initial release. The April launch of the Galaxy Fold was postponed after early reviewers reported broken screens. Samsung said it had made "improvements" to the nearly $2,000 (£1,603) device which would be sold in "select markets".

The firm has been racing to launch a folding smartphone before its rivals. "Samsung has taken the time to fully evaluate the product design, make necessary improvements and run rigorous tests," the company said in a statement. Improvements include extending a protective layer to make it clear it is not meant to be removed, as well as strengthening the hinge area with new protection caps.

One explanation for the broken screens appears to have been that some reviewers removed a film which they thought was a typical protective layer that came with the phone when first bought. The defects with the device proved a source of embarrassment for Samsung which has seen declining smartphone sales and faces growing competition from rivals including China's Huawei.

Huawei became the second largest smartphone seller in the world last year and plans to launch its folding smartphone in September.

The company also pushed back the release of its foldable phone, saying it wanted to conduct extra tests following the screen problems with Samsung's Galaxy Fold.

Earlier this year, Chinese technology firm Xiaomi unveiled a prototype of a folding smartphone that transforms into a tablet.



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