In English-speaking countries, the year is of twelve months and four seasons. The season names are spring (March, April, May), summer (June, July, August), fall/autumn (September, October, November), and winter (December, January, February).


In spring, the weather is warmer but it often rains and can get very windy.

Spring is known for plants and new beginnings. Here are some of the events that happen during spring:

  • Flowers blooming
  • Plants growing
  • Trees sprouting leaves
  • Spring cleaning
  • Riding a bike
  • Celebrating Easter

The Weather in Spring

partly-cloudy:  when there is both sun and clouds in the sky.

Rain:  When water falls from the clouds.

Light rain:  When there is a small amount of rain.

We also call light rain drizzle or sprinkles:

  • It's drizzling outside.
  • You don't need an umbrella, it's just sprinkling.


2 Idioms of spring

To spring to life

To suddenly start moving.

Example: “After about eight o'clock the city springs to life.”

Full of the joys of spring.

To feel very happy and full of youthful energy.

Example: “The sun was shining, and even though it was October, I was full of the joys of spring.”


In summer, the weather's usually warm and sometimes even hot. We usually go on holiday in the summer.

The summer months are hot and perfect for vacation. Here are some summer activities:

  • Going on vacation
  • Taking a holiday
  • Having a picnic
  • Wearing shirts and t-shirts
  • Hiking and backpacking
  • Camping
  • Road tripping
  • Wearing sandals and flip flops
  • Mowing the lawn
  • Eating an ice-cream


The Weather in spring

Sunny:  the sun shines clearly in the sky and there is lots of bright light.

(It is also common to say the sky is "clear" when there is bright sun and no clouds).

2 Idioms of summer

An Indian summer

A period of warm weather which sometimes happens in early autumn 

Example: “The summer was really bad this year, so I'm hoping for an Indian summer.”

One swallow doesn't make a summer

Something that you say which means because one good thing has happened, you cannot be certain that more good things will happen.

Example: “After I passed my first exam, my teacher reminded me to keep on working hard. After all, one swallow doesn't make a summer.”


In autumn, the weather gets colder and the leaves fall from the trees. We celebrate Halloween in autumn. 

Autumn or fall is a time for reflection and harvesting the crops. Here are some fall activities:

  • Drinking apple juice
  • Harvesting vegetables
  • Picking fruits
  • Dressing up in a costume for Halloween
  • Raking the leaves
  • Celebrating Thanksgiving

The Weather in autumn

Heavy rain:  when there is a lot of rain.

It is also very common to say:

  • There is a downpour. (A sudden heavy rain)
  • It's pouring down rain.
  • It's raining cats and dogs.

Windy:  When there is a lot of wind.

Thunder storm:  a storm with thunder and lightning. Also called an electrical storm.

  • Lightning: the flash of light in the sky during a storm. 
  • Thunder:  the loud noise in the sky that comes after lightning.
  • We say lightening "strikes" and call the flash of light a lightning bolt.

2 Idioms of autumn

As right as rain

Meaning: to feel well, alright.

Example: “I took some medicine before I went to bed and the next morning I was as right as rain.”


Autumn years.

The later years of a person's life.

Example: “I don't like to think I'm getting old. I prefer to think I'm entering the autumn years.”


In winter, the weather is generally cold and often wet, sometimes it snows. We celebrate Christmas in the winter.

Winter is time to stay inside and enjoy the warmth. Here are some activities you may do during winter:

  • Snowboarding
  • Skiing
  • Ice skating
  • Putting on your boots and coats
  • Wearing a scarf
  • Having a snowball fight
  • Shovelling the snow
  • Celebrating Christmas, Hanukkah or Kwanza
  • Ringing in the New Year
  • Singing carols

The Weather in winter

Freezing rain / sleet:  when part of the rain is water and part of the rain is frozen (snow).

Fog:  small drops of water that float above the ground (and it can be difficult to see through this mist of water).

  • Foggy weather.
  • We say thick fog.
  • The fog was so thick I could barely see the other cars on the road.

Frost:  a thin layer of ice that forms on surfaces (e.g., grass, ground, windows of a car) when the air is very cold.

  • We say heavy / light frost.
  • We say things are covered with frost (or covered with a layer of frost).

Snow:  Soft, light pieces of frozen rain that fall from the sky when it is cold. 

The individual pieces are called snowflakes and have beautiful designs.

2 Idioms of autumn

The dead of winter

Used to describe the middle of winter, when it is very cold and dark.

Example: “The only thing I want to do in the dead of winter is stay indoors and drink hot chocolate.”

Blanket of snow

When snow falls and sticks to the ground, it looks like a blanket of snow is covering the earth.

Example: “The street was covered by a thick blanket of snow.

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