Hello everyone, and especially those, who work or would like to work with software development, web development, design and everything else that changes our virtual and real life, makes it move faster and makes it look brighter and more interesting.
Today, we are discussing some specific terms and collocations you need to master in order to successfully work in IT sector and communicate with your colleagues. There is no debate that programmers use English on a daily basis (meetings, work, mailing etc.) so knowing some basic vocabulary is a must.
IT English is a new branch of linguistics. This sphere is no slang that’s why most term can’t be found in ordinary dictionaries. Unfortunately, IT is an extremely vast area so it will be impossible to include EVERYTHING in one article. For this reason, I made a complication of Top-25 phrases, some useful link for those of you who would like to improve your knowledge and/or improve what you have already learnt.
Basically, this is the ability of a website to be used by people with disabilities, including visually impaired visitors using screen readers, hearing impaired visitors using no sound, colour blind people, or those with other disabilities.
are links from other sites back to your own.
Backend refers to your website’s database and functionality. Note: the ‘backend’ should not be confused with a back office or the part of a website where you can log in and manage your content
Browser refers to the program a website visitor is using to view the website. Examples include Safari, Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera, and Internet Explorer.
► FRONT END
The ‘public face’ of your website. This front end is what your users interact with when they visit your site.
Cached files are those that are saved or copied (downloaded) by a web browser so that the next time that user visits the site, the page loads faster.
► CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
Also referred to simply as CSS, Cascading Style Sheets are used to define the look and feel of a website outside of the actual HTML file(s) of the site.
The most important benefits to using CSS are the simplification of a site’s HTML files and the ability to completely change the style of a site by changing just one file, without having to make changes to content.
The database stores the information collected and used by a website. For example, a WordPress website uses a database to store configuration information, user details as well as the content that you create.
A software application that allows users to access and interact with content on the Internet.
A type of search engine where listings are gathered through human efforts, rather than by automated crawling of the web.
The domain is the name by which a website is identified. The domain is associated with an IP address.
► DATA TRANSMISSION
means the "sending a stream of bits or bytes from one location to another"
Short for electronic commerce. It’s the buying and selling of goods online, through websites.
Stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It’s the primary language used to write webpages.
Stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol. HTTP is a set of rules for transferring hypertext requests between a web browser and a web server.
A hyperlink is a link from one web page to another, either on the same site or another one. Generally, these are text or images and are highlighted in some way (text is often underlined or put in a different colour or font weight).
► LANDING PAGE
A landing page is a page where a visitor first enters a website.
This refers to the coding applied to a text document to change it into an HTML, XML, or other Markup Language document.
► META TAG
A meta tag is an HTML tag used to include metadata within the header of your web page
► OPEN SOURCE
Open source refers to the source code of a computer program being made available to the general public.
A plug-in is a bit of third party code that extends the capabilities of a website.
Usability refers to how easy it is for a visitor to your site to use your site in its intended manner.
► A WIDGET
(ALSO GRAPHICAL CONTROL ELEMENT OR CONTROL) is an element of interaction in a graphical user interface (GUI), such as a button or a scroll bar.
As you can see, all the Top-terms are already a part of an everyday vocabulary and are used not only in web-development so to learn more I suggest you follow on the English-based resources below.
• www.consp.com – dictionary of abbreviations and acronyms;
• www.smashingmagazine.com – a dictionary with link to more detailed descriptions concerning each and every term; with pictures and examples;
• www.amyhissom.com - Website Design and SEO Vocabulary Terms glossary – rather big but with no pictures or examples.
Best of luck!