What is Nowruz?

Nowruz Feast or shortly Nowruz; are celebrated by Afghans, Anatolian Turks, Albanians, Azeris, Persians, Georgians, Karakalpaks, Kazakhs, Kirghiz, Kurds, Uighurs, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Turkmens and Zazas and it is the traditional new year or the awakening of nature and spring feast.

Nowruz Feast which celebrates the awakening of nature and environment in the wide geography where it lives, has a deep and rich history in Anatolia and in the regions where Turkish culture is spreading.

Nowruz, which consists of the combination of the words Now (new) and ruz (day) and carries the meaning of NEWDAY, is celebrated as a New Year by many peoples and communities, especially Turks, in the northern hemisphere.

On the 21st of March, when the day and night are equalized, the sun moves towards the northern hemisphere like migratory birds. On March 21, the weather starts to warm up, snow melts, trees bloom, soil grows, migratory birds turn to their nests.


The History of Nowruz

Nowruz was mentioned in Persian sources in the 2nd century, represents the first day of the year according to Iran and Baha'i calendars. In today's Iran, it is celebrated as a festival, although it does not have an Islamic origin. Some communities celebrate this holiday on March 21, while others celebrate the northern hemisphere on 22 or 23 March, representing the beginning of spring. At the same time, Zoroastrianism is also a sacred day for Baha'is and is celebrated as a holiday.

In Kurds, it is believed that the festival of Nawruz is based on the legend of the Blacksmith Kawa in Kurdish and Iranian mythology. In the Anatolian and Central Asian Turkish peoples, the Göktürk's exit from Ergenekon is celebrated literally as the arrival of spring.

For this reason, March 21 is celebrated as Nowruz / NEWDAY Festival by being accepted as awakening, resurrection and creation days for all assets.

Turks living in Central Asia, Anatolian Turks and Iranians accepted as New Year's day is called Nowruz, which means a new day.


Nowruz in the World

In 2010, the General Assembly of the United Nations, which has been celebrating for 3000-years in Persia, was declared as the festival of World Nevruz. Between April 28 and October 2, 2009, the United Nations Council for the Protection of Spiritual Heritage, which was convened inter-governmentally in Abu Dhabi, included the Nowruz on the World Spiritual Cultural Heritage List. As of 2010, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted March 21 as the “Day of World Nowruz”.


Celebration of Nowruz

Celebrations activities started in Ankara and the children are given gifts such as Jigsaws, T-shirts, Culture Maps, Balls, Coloring Books and Folklorik babies and dance performances are performed by the invited communities from the Turkish Republics. The choirs of the General Directorate of Fine Arts give public concerts in various cities of Ankara and Turkey. Nowruz celebrations, which are coordinated by our Ministry, are celebrated every year in our domestic and international representative offices. Press and TV channels reports news about Nowruz.


Nowruz and Equinox

Nowruz is the first day of spring and is the day when spring equinox (day equinox) occurs in the northern hemisphere. The sun comes with a right angle to the equator. Day and night are synchronized. In addition, both the north and the south pole are at the same time on the sunrise line, and the daylight is equally shared between both hemispheres.


Tradition of Nowruz

The tradition of Nevruz dates back to 15,000 years before the end of the last Ice Age. The legendary King of Persia Cemşid represents the transition of Indo-Iranians from hunting to livestock and resident life. In those ages, seasons were of vital importance in mankind's life, and everything about life was closely related to the four seasons. The spring following a difficult winter, the natural flowers, the greening of the green plants, and the calving of the cattle meant a great opportunity and abundance for human beings. It is said at this time that King Jamshid was the initiator of the Newroz celebrations.





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