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A zeptosecond- the shortest unit of time ever measured

Today, things are getting shorter. Scientists just measured the shortest unit of time ever recorded. It is a zeptosecond. This is tiny - a trillionth of a billionth of a second. It is a decimal point followed by 20 zeros and then a 1. The scientists study atomic physics. They used special tools to measure how long it takes a photon to cross a hydrogen molecule. The scientists said it took 247 zeptoseconds for this to happen. This is too fast for humans to see. 

In 1999, a scientist measured the speed at which molecules change their shape. He found this was one femtosecond, which is a millionth of a billionth of one second. One millisecond is a thousandth of one second. This is the time it takes a neuron in our brain to fire. One nanosecond is one-billionth of one second. The shortest unit of time it may be possible to measure is one Planck. This is a decimal point followed by 44 zeros and a 1.

 

https://breakingnewsenglish.com/2010/201020-zeptosecond-1.html

 

'Demon Slayer' movie breaks Japan's box office records

'Demon Slayer' movie breaks Japan's box office records

Cinemas worldwide are struggling to survive, but those in Japan have smashed box office records. Despite social distancing, the animated film 'Demon Slayer' has just seen the biggest box office weekend in Japan's history. It more than doubled the previous record. It also had the biggest opening weekend anywhere in the world. Ticket sales last weekend were more than all other countries combined. Japanese cinemas made $44 million on ticket sales.

The movie is based on a smash-hit manga - a Japanese-style comic book. The story takes place in early 20th-century Japan. A young man joins a group of warriors to get revenge on demons that killed his family and cursed his sister. It is the latest series to become a phenomenon in Japan. The 22-volume manga sold over 100 million copies. It is one of the most successful manga ever. A Japan expert said: "Even people over 50...really like it."

 

https://breakingnewsenglish.com/2010/201022-demon-slayer-4.html

 

Eating jellyfish could save endangered fish

Eating jellyfish could save endangered fish

There may be an answer to food shortages- eating jellyfish. This could also protect endangered fish and sea life. Researchers did a study of fishing around the world. They found that fishing nets caught 92 endangered species and 11 "critically endangered" species. This is not illegal as the fish are not protected. A researcher said: "Despite international commitments to protect threatened species, we actively fish for many of these threatened species."

We are eating sea life that could go extinct. Eating jellyfish could protect fish in danger of disappearing from our oceans. Jellyfish could become common on menus. Jellyfish are a sustainable alternative to other kinds of fish. The researcher said seafood is not as sustainable as we think. She said we should fish for species that can survive the fishing pressure. She added: "We just have to care about weird-looking squishy things like sea cucumbers."

 

https://breakingnewsenglish.com/2010/201024-jellyfish-1.html

 

Eight Nations Sign US-led Artemis Moon Agreements

Eight Nations Sign US-led Artemis Moon Agreements

Eight countries have signed an international agreement for moon exploration called the Artemis Accords. The agreement is named after NASA’s Artemis moon project. It seeks to build on existing international space law by creating “safety zones.” These zones would surround future moon bases to prevent conflict between states operating there. The United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates signed the agreements.

 “What we’re trying to do is establish norms of behaviour that every nation can agree to,” NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine told reporters. He said the agreements accept a 1967 treaty that says the moon and other planets cannot be claimed for national ownership. Bridenstein said the agreements create the “the broadest, most inclusive, largest coalition of human spaceflight in the history of humankind.” The governments of the United States and other countries that have space programs consider the moon important to their long-term goals. The moon has value for scientific research that could make possible future missions to Mars.

 

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/eight-nations-sign-u-s--led-artemis-moon-agreements/5624388.html

 

Japan, Vietnam Agree to Increase Defense Ties

Japan, Vietnam Agree to Increase Defense Ties

Japan and Vietnam have agreed to increase defence and security cooperation in answer to China’s growing power in East Asia. Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc met in Hanoi on Monday. At their talks, the two men agreed that Japan can begin exporting defence equipment and technology to Vietnam. Japan has been seeking such agreements to expand its ties with Southeast Asia and sustain its defence industry.

Suga said that his four-day trip to Vietnam, and later Indonesia, was important. He is seeking economic and security relationships to slow China’s growing power and protect shipping in disputed areas of the South China Sea. "Vietnam is important for our goal of a ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific,’ and our valuable partner,” Suga told reporters after he met with Phuc. Phuc said the peace and stability of the South China Sea should be protected by the rule of law, and not by any nation’s force or threats. He added that Vietnam “appreciates” Japanese efforts to keep the peace “in the region and the world.”

 

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/japan-vietnam-agree-to-increase-defense-ties/5627286.html

 

NATO to Set Up New Space Center Amid China, Russia Concerns

NATO to Set Up New Space Center Amid China, Russia Concerns

The Belgian village of Kester is home to a group of top-secret, fenced-off buildings on a hill some call “the radar station.” The buildings make up the Kester Satellite Ground Station, an important centre that supports NATO’s space communications network. It is the biggest and most modern of four stations the military alliance runs. Satellites are important to NATO. More than half of the 2,000 satellites orbiting Earth are operated by NATO countries. The satellites make sure everything is connected, from mobile phone and banking services to weather forecasts.

NATO commanders in places like Afghanistan or Kosovo use some of them to navigate, communicate, share intelligence and identify missile launches. This week, the Kester Satellite Ground Station will be part of a new defence organization. NATO is set to announce it is creating a space centre to operate its satellite communications. It will also assist in important military operations around the world. NATO’s Air Command in Ramstein, Germany will be the centre for space support for NATO operations.

 

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/nato-to-set-up-new-space-center-amid-china-russia-concerns-/5628882.html

 

US Files Case against Google for Harming Competition

US Files Case against Google for Harming Competition

The U.S. Justice Department on Tuesday brought legal action against Google for its business methods. It said the company used its market power over internet search and advertising to limit competition and harm users. The U.S. started the case against Google while continuing its investigations into other major technology companies. Those companies include Apple, Amazon and Facebook. The government called Goggle the “gatekeeper for the internet.” It said Google kept its power using methods “that are harmful to competition.”

Google called the government’s case “deeply flawed.” The company said in a blog post, “People use Google because they choose to, not because they're forced to, or because they can't find alternatives.” Statcounter reported that Google’s Chrome browser has more than 66 per cent of the worldwide market. U.S. federal and state antitrust laws are designed to place limits on the economic power a business has over a market. The goal is to protect competition and Americans who use the company’s goods and services. The officials added that a court should hear all the evidence before any decisions are made.

 

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/us-files-case-against-google-for-harming-competition/5628880.html

 

Facebook Develops Machine Translation System for 100 Languages

Facebook Develops Machine Translation System for 100 Languages

Facebook has developed the first machine learning model that can translate between any two of 100 languages without going into English first. Facebook says the new multilingual machine translation model was created to help its more than two billion users worldwide. The company is still testing the translation system – which it calls M2M-100 - and hopes to add it to different products in the future.

Angela Fan, a research assistant at Facebook, said the development of the new machine translation model represented a “milestone” in progress after years of “foundational work in machine translation." Fan said the model produces better results than other machine learning systems that depend on English. The development team trained the new model on a data set of 7.5 billion sentence pairs for 100 languages. Facebook said this is 10 times the number on the best machine translation models in the past. For now, the company says, it plans to continue exploring new language research methods while working to improve the new model. No date has been set for launching the translation system on Facebook.

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/facebook-develops-machine-translation-system-for-100-languages/5630305.html

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