Present Perfect Simple Tense can be a bit difficult to comprehend for non-native speakers of English. However, when you understand the context of this grammar, you might agree that it is not so hard to use in your speech. This grammar is actually used less in daily speech but if you are aiming for advance level, Present Perfect Simple is a must to learn. This way you will reach a new level and you will feel more confident to interact with native speakers.
When explaining Present Perfect Simple Tense, I use the term “Ghost Tense” for it acts like a ghost in meaning. This tense is about actions that happened in the past but its effects continue to affect you. In this term, we can associate it with a ghost as you can’t see it but feel the presence of it. I hope that this example will help you understand this grammar. Present Perfect Simple, in simple terms, contains “have/has V3” grammar structure.
Affirmative: Have/Has V3
Negative: Haven’t/Hasn’t V3
Question: Have/Has subject V3
Where Should You Use Present Perfect Simple?
1. It is used with actions that are finished but the effects continue.
- He has already opened the window.
- It hasn’t rained since last winter.
- Has she visited you this month?
2. It is used to emphasize the result of a past action.
- We have discussed this issue a few times.
- Sarah has cleaned the kitchen again.
- Have you done your homework?
3. It is used to talk about past experiences in life.
- I’ve just seen this film on the TV.
- Michael hasn’t ridden on a horse yet.
- Has he studied English lately?