UNIQUE PLACES IN THE WORLD II

Hope you enjoyed the first part of Unique Places in the world and discovered new places. Today, we will complete the list to the seven. You will need new destinations to go next summer. When the pandemic disease period ends, most travelers will seek for new adventures. So, we picked really mesmerizing and fantastic places for you. You will explore the history and nature of these places. Enjoy reading!

Puerto Princesa Underground River

The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is a protected area of the Philippines located about 80 kilometers (50 mi) north of the city center of Puerto Princesa, Palawan. The river is also called 'Puerto Princesa Underground River'. The national park is located in the Saint Paul Mountain Range on the western coast of the island. The entrance to the subterranean river is a short hike or boat ride from the town Sabang. The site contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. The park has a range of forest formations representing eight of the thirteen forest types found in tropical Asia. Researchers have identified more than 800 plant species from 300 genera and 100 families.

In 2010, a group of environmentalists and geologists discovered that the underground river has a second floor, which means that there are small waterfalls inside the cave. They also found a cave dome measuring 300 m (980 ft) above the underground river, rock formations, large bats, a deep water hole in the river, more river channels, and another deep cave, as well as marine creatures and more.

 


The Treasury (Al Khazna)

Al-Khazneh, "The Treasury" is one of the most elaborate temples in Petra, a city of the Nabatean Kingdom inhabited by the Arabs in ancient times. As with most of the other buildings in this ancient town, including the Monastery (Ad Deir), this structure was carved out of a sandstone rock face. It is almost 40 meters high and intricately decorated with Corinthian capitals, friezes, figures, and more.

The structure is believed to have been the mausoleum of the Nabatean King Aretas IV in the 1st century AD. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in both Jordan and the region. It became to be known as "Al-Khazneh", or The Treasury, in the early 19th century by the area's Bedouins as they had believed it contained treasures. The Treasury comprises three chambers, a middle chamber with one on either side, the elaborately carved facade represents the Nabataean engineering genius. 

 

Machu Picchu 

In the Quechua native language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain.” This Incan site near Cuzco, Peru, was “discovered” in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, who believed it was Vilcabamba, a secret Incan stronghold used during the 16th-century rebellion against Spanish rule. Machu Picchu is known as the Lost City of the Incas. It is a mysterious wonder. A city of stone-built without the aid of wheels or iron tools. This is the best example of Inca engineering. More than 600 terraces prevent the city from sliding down the mountain. A water supply system extends over a length of about 1 km.

According to scholars, Machu Picchu was a royal estate built for the Inca king Pachacutec around 1450. Others speculate the Inca city was a sacred center where the great political, religious, and economic minds of the Inca Empire gathered. The population of Machu Picchu ranged between 300-1000 inhabitants and consisted mostly of members of Pachacutec’s lineage, the religious elite, and highly specialized artisans recruited from across the empire, called yanaconas.

 

Taj Mahal

This mausoleum complex in Agra, India, is regarded as one of the world’s most iconic monuments and is perhaps the finest example of Mughal architecture. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to honor his wife Mumtāz Maḥal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child. It took about 22 years and 20,000 workers to construct the complex, which includes an immense garden with a reflecting pool. The mausoleum is made of white marble that features semiprecious stones in geometric and floral patterns. Its majestic central dome is surrounded by four smaller domes.

 

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